Austria Nature & Economy

Location: Central Europe, north of Italy and Slovenia
Population: 8,489,732 (2013 est.)
Land Area: 83,854 km2
Capital: Vienna
Main cities: Graz, Linz, Salzburg, Innsbruck
Languages: German (official nationwide); Slovene, Croatian, Hungarian (each official in one region)
GDP : $415.7 billion(2013 est.)
Monetary unit: Euro (formerly schilling)
Exports: $139.8 billion f.o.b. (2014 est.)
Exports - commodities: machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, paper and paperboard, metal goods, chemicals, iron and steel, textiles, foodstuffs
Exports - partners: Germany 30.2%, Italy 9%, US 5.9%, Switzerland 4.7% (2006)
Imports: $141.8 billion f.o.b. (2014 est.)
Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, chemicals, metal goods, oil and oil products; foodstuffs
Imports - partners: Germany 45.5%, Italy 7%, Switzerland 4.5%, Netherlands 4.1% (2006)
Land use:
arable land: 16.4%
permanent crops: 0.85%
other: 82.56% (2005)
Natural resources: oil, coal, lignite, timber, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, magnesite, tungsten, graphite, salt, hydropower

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