乌克兰知识产权保护制度

总第63期 China IP发表,[综合]文章

  乌克兰知识产权保护制度是多层次的,受到国际法和国内法的整体制约。乌克兰是世界知识产权组织的成员,也是一系列知识产权保护领域国际协定和公约的签署国。

  2006年和2007年,乌克兰在完善国家知识产权立法方面,尤其是满足入世要求方面,取得了切实的成绩。在2005年修订了光盘许可证法之后,乌克兰针对盗版光盘生产和出口还采取了一系列行动。

  2006年,乌克兰颁布了新的海关法案,为进一步实施打击假冒商品进出口系统措施提供了法律依据。

  上述知识产权领域中的积极进展使乌克兰能够更好地融入世界贸易组织,而加入世贸组织和TRIPs协议也同样可以看作是乌克兰知识产权领域的极大进步。

  2011年,乌克兰国家知识产权部变更为国家知识产权服务部,成为乌克兰知识产权领域的中央执行机构。这种变化昭示了知识产权保护在乌克兰的法律框架和经济发展中的优先地位,以及乌克兰知识产权领域在看齐国际标准方面的进步。

  另外一项推动知识产权保护制度发展,同时也证明乌克兰经济水平以及知识产权水平提高的重要活动,便是2012年由乌克兰和波兰共同举办的欧盟年会,它将进一步保证乌克兰的投资和经济增长。

  专利

  不违背公共利益、人道原则和道德,同时满足专利的相应要求,即新颖性、独创性和工业应用的发明可以享受专利保护。

  发明可以是产品(设备、物质、微生物培养)、程序或是原有产品的新用途。

  有权获得专利的包括发明人、雇主(在雇员发明的前提下)以及发明人或雇主的继承人。

  发明专利的持有人享有该发明的专有使用权,并有权禁止他人使用该发明,包括进口、出口该专利产品,或根据专利工艺生产产品。

  从申请日算起,专利的有效期为20年。作为救济和保护手段,发明专利的有效期可以续展,但不得超过5年。此规定适用于动植物相关发明,也需要取得国家相关机构的批准。专利权自该专利公布之日起生效。

  新颖的、可应用于工业的实用新型也可申请专利保护。与发明专利相比,实用新型专利并不需要满足独创性这一专利条件。实用新型专利保护期限为10年。

  外观设计专利的保护期为10年,可续展5年。

  乌克兰立法对专利侵权提供了广泛的应对措施:在交易流通中去除侵权商品,清除用于制作侵权货物的材料和工具,追讨赔偿等措施。该专利持有人的专利保护是在法院进行诉讼。

  商标

  商标保护的对象可以是任意颜色或颜色组合成的文字、图形或三维标志及其组合。对于构成商标的声音和气味没有相关规定。

  获得保护的商标不能违背公共利益、人性和道德,也不能因绝对或相对理由遭到拒绝。乌克兰商标局不以商标注册意向书作为商标注册的法律依据。

  乌克兰也没有规定商标异议期。在商标审查期间,可以对商标提出异议,然而目前在审查阶段,并没有公示该商标注册申请。商标注册成功后会进行公示,因而公示期过后,在商标有效期内仍可向法院提出异议申请。但根据有关三年时效期的立法条文,尽快提出索赔是非常适宜的。根据当前法院的做法,法院倾向于在审理权利人提出索赔前就已经充分知悉3年甚至更早前的侵权行为时使用3年有效期条款。

  在诉讼程序框架下,商标有可能基于绝对理由或相对理由取消商标。现阶段,乌克兰法院采取更为全面的方式来衡量商标无效的案件,造成了法院实践无标准的纠纷。举例来说,在近几年的著名案件中有:考虑认定(或正在考虑)三维商标(复制商标的甜食制造业)不受法律保护,商标在不同语言中语义相同的认定为混淆性相似,组合商标中含有描述性主体元素的因其描述性而被认定不被保护等等。

  商标注册之日起三年内必须使用。以商标未使用为由取消该商标的,应通过法院办理相关手续。

  商标持有人拥有排他权利,他人不能在同样或相似产品和服务上标注同样的或相似的商标。驰名商标的持有人还可以申请禁止他人在不一致或相似的产品和服务上使用其商标。在法律诉讼和上诉委员会框架中,已注册和未注册的商标都可能被认定为驰名商标。从2003年关于驰名商标认证的法条被采纳后,很多商标都经历了这个程序(包括麦当劳,劳力士,YouTube,谷歌,福布斯,雷萨克斯等)。

  商标所有者享有该商标的专有权,可以禁止他人在相同或类似的商品和服务上使用相同或相似的商标。驰名商标的所有人可以禁止他人在相似或相近产品和服务中使用该商标

  乌克兰的国家域名(.ua)只可用于ICGS分类下已注册的商标

  商标保护权的有效期为10年,可申请延长10年,无特别限制。

  乌克兰立法对商标侵权提供了广泛的对应措施:在交易流通中去除侵权商品,清除用于制作侵权货物的材料和工具,追讨赔偿等措施。该商标持有人的商标保护是在法院进行诉讼。

  近几年中,海关登记处的商标记录应用更加广泛,对商标持有人权利的保护也更为有效。2011年,(在海关登记处记录商标信息必须缴纳的)保证金已从5,000欧元减至1,000欧元。

  版权版权保护方面,乌克兰于2005年推出光盘行政许可法修正案,修改了刑法中关于非法贩运光盘刑事责任的规定,并采取了一系列打击盗版光盘的措施。

  根据普遍原则,作品无需注册即可受到版权保护,保护期持续至作者死亡后70年,邻接权的保护期为50年。

  在乌克兰专利商标局注册版权的,可以获得注册证书。在注册程序框架下,不需要参加版权科目的考试。尽管注册不等于产生版权,对于第三方包括任何有关著作权侵权程序来说,注册证书是著作权存在的必要和足够的证明。这就是说,如果具有注册证书,当事人不要求通过任何其他方式证明其版权

  在过去十年里,著作权的侵权责任加剧,根据乌克兰版权法和相关权利法,著作权人可以要求要清除用于生产侵权商品的材料和工作并要求索赔,并且以他自己的自由裁量权而不是损害赔偿,根据有效期要求赔偿大概4,000,000欧元。对于给予补偿,只有侵权事实应当证明。所授出的赔偿数额取决于侵权时间和其他因素。法院判处的罚款有可能多达国家预算的百分之十。

  域名

  正如上述所提到的,国家域名.ua只能在注册某种商标的前提下注册。

  然而,要注册其他国家域名比如.com.ua或net.ua,不一定要求注册商标

  在过去的几年里,在乌克兰发生的域名案件明显增加。一般来说,乌克兰法院了解域名的独特性及其保护的重要性。

  根据现行制度,只有在类似注册商标商品在互联网上通过与该注册商标相同的域名进行销售和推广时,权利人才可以要求他人停止使用自己的注册商标作为域名。

  在过去几年中,乌克兰法院判决了像yahoo.com.ua,michelin.com.ua,pegintron.com.ua和google.ua等著名的此类案件。

  乌克兰知识产权法和知识产权条例更新

  专利

  1993年12月15日起实施的第3687-XII号《保护发明和实用新型权利法》(2003年5月22日颁布最新修正案,OJU第35号,第271条)对获得和行使发明和实用新型相关权利做出了相关规定。

  1993年12月15日起实施的第3688-XII号《保护工业设计权利法》(2003年5月22日颁布最新修正案,GVR第35号,第271条)是针对工业设计的法律。

  有关专利的法律、法规和司法解释

  乌克兰保护发明和实用新型权利法;

  乌克兰保护工业设计权利法;

  关于撰写、提交和审查发明和实用新型申请的规定;

  关于撰写、提交和审查工业设计申请的规定;

  关于国家发明注册的规定;

  关于国家实用新型注册的规定;

  关于国家设计注册的规定;

  关于专利有效期续展的说明,专利续展需取得国家专利授权部门的同意;

  关于前苏联原创者证明保护下的发明申请专利的说明。

  有关专利国际条约

  1883年3月20日保护工业产权巴黎公约;

  1970年6月19日专利合作条约;

  1977年4月28日国际承认用于专利程序的微生物保存布达佩斯条约;

  工业品外观设计保存海牙协定(1960年海牙法案和1999年7月2日日内瓦法案)商标

  2000年6月1日专利法条约。

  商标

  1993年12月15日起实施的第3689-XII号《保护商品和服务商标权利法》(2003年5月22日颁布最新修正案No.850-IV;2003年GSR第35号,第271条)对获得和行使商标权做出了相关规定。

  有关商标的法律、法规和司法解释

  乌克兰保护商品和服务商标权利法关于撰写、提交和审议商品和服务商标注册申请规定;关于国家商品和服务商标注册的规定;

  关于在商品和服务商标中使用“乌克兰”的规定。

  有关商标的国际条约

  1883年3月20日保护工业产权巴黎公约;

  1891年4月14日商标国际注册马德里协定;

  1957年6月15日商标注册用商品和服务国际分类尼斯协定;

  1981年9月26日保护奥林匹克会徽内罗毕条约;

  1989年6月28日商标国际注册马德里协定有关议定书;

  1994年10月27日商标法协定。

  版权

  乌克兰针对版权的法律是1993年12月23日通过的“版权和相关权利法”。为了与国际标准接轨,乌克兰于2001年7月11日对该法进行了大幅修正,并于2003年和2004年颁布了修正案。

  有关版权的法律、法规和司法解释

  乌克兰版权及相关权利法;

  乌克兰关于视听作品、录音、录像、计算机程序和数据库传播的规定;

  乌克兰法律关于经济主体生产、出口和进口的光盘及激光读写系统的具体规定;

  乌克兰反不公平竞争法。

  有关版权的国际条约

  保护表演者、唱片制作者和广播组织罗马公约(1961年);

  保护文学和艺术作品伯尔尼公约(1971年7月24日巴黎法案,1979年10月2号修订);全球版权公约(1996年12月20日);

  世界知识产权组织表演和录音制品条约(1996年)。

  The intellectual property (IP) protection system of Ukraine is multilevel and regulated by the integral system of the international and national laws. Ukraine is a member of World Intellectual Property Organisation and a signatory of a number of international agreements and conventions in the sphere of intellectual property protection.

  In 2006 and 2007 Ukraine achieved substantial success as to the improvement of the national legislation and state regulation in the sphere of IP protection in particular concerning meeting the demands for the WTO entering. After amendments introducing to the optical discs licensing legislation in 2005 Ukraine continued programs against the piracy in the optical discs production and export.

  In 2006 the new Custom Code of Ukraine was adopted to be the legislative ground of the improvement of the system of measures against counterfeit goods export and import.

  The above mentioned positive changes in the sphere of IP law contributed to the general integration progress of Ukraine resulted in Ukraine’s WTO entry and accession to TRIPs which are considered to be the essential progress in IP sphere of Ukraine.

  In 2011 the State Department of Intellectual Property was transformed into the State Service of Intellectual Property having the status of the central executive body of Ukraine. Such changes demonstrated the priority of IP protection in the frame of law and economy development of Ukraine and upgraded the IP sphere to the international standards.

  As another important event being the stimulus for IP protection system development and the prove of increasing level of Ukrainian economy in general and IP sphere in particular should be regarded the future Ukraine and Poland hosting of EURO 2012 which should guarantee the investment formation and economy growth.

  Patent

  Patent protection may be given to an invention not contradicting the public interest, the principles of humanity and morality and corresponding to patentability demands, namely novelty, inventive step and industrial appliance.

  The subject of the invention could be products (equipment, substance, microorganism culture), with the new purpose.

  The right for obtaining the patent is for the inventor, the employer (under condition of the employee's invention), the successor of the inventor or the employer.

  The patent for the invention provides to the holder the exclusive right for the usage of the invention and for the prohibition to other persons to use the invention, including the right for the import export of patented products and of products made according to the patented process.

  The validity term of the patent is 20 years from the application date. The protection of the inventions can be extended for no more than 5 years only for patents with subject being a remedy or means for protection of animals or plants for usage, of which the approval of the special state body is required. The rights for the patent are valid from the date of the publication about the patent issuance.

  An invention can be protected as a utility model if it is new and industrially applicable. Compared with patents, the utility model does not require inventive steps. Utility models are protected by a declarative patent for a period of 10 years.

  Industrial designs are protected for a period of 10 years and extendable for 5 years.

  The Ukrainian legislation provides a wide range of remedies against the infringement of patent rights: removal of the infringing goods from trading circulation, removal of the materials and tools which are mainly used for the production of infringing products, recovery of damages, etc.. The protection of the rights of the patent holder should be conducted within court proceeding.

  Trademark

  The subject of the trademark protection may be verbal, device, 3-dimensional marks and their combinations executed in any colour or combination of colours. Nospecific provision has been made concerning trademarks consisting of sound and smell.

  The protection should be granted to trademarks not contradicting the public interests, humanity and morality and not coming under the absolute and relative grounds for the refusal. The Letters of Consent for the registration of the trademark are not accepted by the Trademark Office of Ukraine as a basis for registration of the trademark.

  There is no special opposition period in Ukraine. The trademark can be opposed during the examination procedure however, currently trademark applications are not undergoing the publication at the examination stage. The publication of the trademark is conducted after the registration of the trademark. After the publication, the trademark can be opposed in the court during the whole period of trademark validity but taken into account the general legislative provisions concerning the limitation period which is three years it is expedient to file the claim as soon as possible. According to the current court practice, the courts tend to use the limitation period in cases when the claimant was obviously aware about the infringement during three or more years before the claim was filed.

  The trademark may be cancelled on the basis of absolute and relative grounds in the frame of court proceedings. At the current stage, the courts in Ukraine use more comprehensive approaches to the consideration of the trademark invalidation cases forming the court practice of non-standard disputes. For example, within the last years, the headline-making cases were considered (or considered at the current moment) in respect to the recognition of three-dimensional trademark (the trademark reproducing confectionery) as non-protectable, recognition of the trademarks being the semantic equivalent in different languages as confusingly similar, recognition of the combined trademark with descriptive dominant element as non-protectable on the basis descriptiveness, etc..

  The non-use period of the trademark is three years from the date of the registration of the trademark. The cancellation of the trademark on the basis of non-use should be conducted through court proceeding. The exclusive right of the trademark owner is granted against using of identical or confusingly similar marks for the same or similar goods and services. The owner of the well-known mark can prohibit the use of the trademark also for the goods and services which are not similar and identical. Both registered and non-registered trademarks may be recognised as well-known trademarks in the frame of court proceedings or in the Appeal Board. Since 2003 when the legislative provisions in respect to the recognition of the trademarks well-known were adopted, a great quantity of trademarks underwent this procedure (McDonald's,ROLEX, YouTube, Google, Forbes, LEXUS, etc.).

  The domain name in the national ".ua" zone may be registered only under the conditions of the registration of the trademark for any of the classes of the International Classification of Goods and Services (ICGS).

  Trademarks are protected for 10 years and can be renewed for additional 10 year periods without limitation.

  The Ukrainian legislation provides the wide range of remedies against the infringement of trademark rights: removal of the infringing goods from trading circulation, removal of the materials and tools which are mainly used for the production of infringing products, recovery of damages, etc.. The protection of the rights of the trademark holder is conducted within court proceedings.

  Within the last few years, the recordal of the trademarks in the custom register has become widely used and effective measure of the protection of the trademark owners' rights. In 2011 the amount of the deposit (which is obligatory for the recordal of the trademark in the customs register) was reduced from 5, 000 EURO to 1,000 EURO.

  Copyright

  As the important step in copyright protection upgrading was introducing of amendments to the Optical Disk Licensing Law in 2005 with appropriate changes introducing to the Criminal Code of Ukraine stipulating the criminal responsibility for the illegal trafficking of the optical discs and introducing of a number of measures for working against the optical discs infringement.

  As the general rule subjects of copyright are protected without the registration for a period of 70 years after the author’s death, with subject matter of neighbouring rights protected for 50 years.

  There is a possibility of the registration of the copyright at State Department of Intellectual Property of Ukraine with granting the Certificate of Registration. In the frame of registration procedures, no examination concerning the object of copyright is conducted. Despite the fact that the registration does not create the copyright; the Certificate of Registration is the essential and sufficient proof of copyright existence for the third parties including any court procedures concerning the copyright infringement. That is to say having the Certificate of Registration the party is not required to prove its copyright by any other means.

  In the past 10 years the liability for copyright infringement was sufficiently aggravated. Nowadays according to the Law of Ukraine on Copyright and Related Rights, the copyright holder can demand not only to cease the infringing goods, tools and materials which are mainly used for the production of the infringing goods and recovery of damages but also at his own discretion instead of recovery of damages may demand the compensation payment which according to limitation may amount to more than 4, 000, 000 EURO. For the grant of compensation, only the fact of infringement shall be proven. The amount of the compensation granted depends on the duration of infringement and other factors. The court may also impose the penalty which is collected to state budget in the amount up to ten per cent of the amount of judgement.

  Domain Name

  As it was mentioned above the domain name in the national ".ua" zone may be registered only under the conditions of the registration of the trademark for any of the classes of the ICGS.

  But the trademark registration is not the compulsory condition for the domain names-registration in other national zones like .com.ua, .net.ua, etc..

  During the last few years, the number of domain name cases in Ukrainian courts increased significantly. Generally, Ukrainian courts understand the unique character of the domain names and the importance of its protection.

  According to the current practice, the right holder may demand the cease of the trademark usage in the domain name only in case the goods similar to those for which the trademark is registered are promoted and proposed for selling on the web-site under such domain name.

  In the last few years Ukrainian courts have considered headline-making cases in respect of such domain names like yahoo.com.ua, michelin.com.ua, pegintron.com.ua and google.ua.

  IP Law Updates and IPR Application Regulations in Ukraine

  Patent

  The relations as to the obtaining and execution of the rights for the invention and utility models are regulated by the provisions of the Law of Ukraine “On the Protection of Rights to Inventions and Utility Models” of December 15, 1993 No. 3687-XII (With last amendments introduced according to the following Law No. 850-IV of May 22, 2003; OJU, 2003, No. 35, art. 271).

  Law of Ukraine “On Protection of Rights to Industrial Designs”, December 15, 1993, No. 3688-XII (with last amendments introduced according to the following Law No. 850-IV of May, 22, 2003, GVR, 2003, No. 35, Art. 271).

  Main Laws, Regulations and Interpretations:

  Law of Ukraine “On Provisions of Rights to Inventions and Utility Models”;

  Law of Ukraine “On Protection of Rights to Industrial Design”;

  The Rules of Composing, Filing and Consideration of the Application for the Invention or Utility Model;

  The Rules of Composing, Filing and Consideration of the Application for the Industrial Design;

  The Regulation of the State Register of Ukraine on Inventions;

  The Regulation of the State Register of Ukraine on Utility Models;

  The Regulation of the State Register of Ukraine on Designs;

  The Instructions of the Validity Term Extension of the IP Law Updates and IPR Application Regulations in Ukraine Patent the Object of which is the Substance the usage of which needs the Authorization of the Specialized Body;

  Instruction for the Issuance of the Patents of Ukraine for the Inventions protected in accordance with the Author Certificate of USSR.

  Main International Treaties:

  Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial

  Property of March 20, 1883;

  Patent Cooperation Treaty of June 19, 1970;

  Patent Law Treaty of June 1, 2000;

  Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure of April 28, 1977;

  Hague Agreement concerning the International Registration of Industrial designs (the Hague Act of 1960 and Geneva Act adopted on July 2, 1999).

  IP Law Updates and IPR Application Regulations in Ukraine

  Patent

  The relations as to the obtaining and execution of the rights for the invention and utility models are regulated by the provisions of the Law of Ukraine “On the Protection of Rights to Inventions and Utility Models” of December 15, 1993 No. 3687-XII (With last amendments introduced according to the following Law No. 850-IV of May 22, 2003; OJU, 2003, No. 35, art. 271).

  Law of Ukraine “On Protection of Rights to Industrial Designs”, December 15, 1993, No. 3688-XII (with last amendments introduced according to the following Law No. 850-IV of May, 22, 2003, GVR, 2003, No. 35, Art. 271).

  Main Laws, Regulations and Interpretations:

  Law of Ukraine “On Provisions of Rights to Inventions and Utility Models”;

  Law of Ukraine “On Protection of Rights to Industrial Design”;

  The Rules of Composing, Filing and Consideration of the Application for the Invention or Utility Model;

  The Rules of Composing, Filing and Consideration of the Application for the Industrial Design;

  The Regulation of the State Register of Ukraine on Inventions;

  The Regulation of the State Register of Ukraine on Utility Models;

  The Regulation of the State Register of Ukraine on Designs;

  The Instructions of the Validity Term Extension of the IP Law Updates and IPR Application Regulations in Ukraine Patent the Object of which is the Substance the usage of which needs the Authorization of the Specialized Body;

  Instruction for the Issuance of the Patents of Ukraine for the Inventions protected in accordance with the Author Certificate of USSR.

  Main International Treaties:

  Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial

  Property of March 20, 1883;

  Patent Cooperation Treaty of June 19, 1970;

  Patent Law Treaty of June 1, 2000;

  Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure of April 28, 1977;

  Hague Agreement concerning the International Registration of Industrial designs (the Hague Act of 1960 and Geneva Act adopted on July 2, 1999).

  Trademark

  The relations as to the obtaining and execution of the rights for the trademark are regulated by the Law of Ukraine “On the Protection of Rights to Marks for Goods and Services” of December 15, 1993 No. 3689-XII (With last amendments introduced according to the following Law No. 850-IV of 22 May 2003; GSR, 2003, No. 35, Art. 271).

  Main Laws, Regulations and Interpretations:

  Law of Ukraine “On the Protection of Rights to Marks for Goods and Services”;

  The Rules of Composing, Filing and Consideration of the Application for the Issuance of the Certificate for the

  Mark for Goods and Service;

  The Regulation of the State Register of Ukraine on Marks for Goods and Services;

  The Rules for the Consideration of the Issues about the Entering of the designation “Ukraine” to the Marks for Goods and Services;

  Main International Treaties:

  Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial

  Property of March 20, 1883;

  Madrid Agreement concerning the International

  Registration of Marks of April 14, 1891;

  Protocol relating to the Madrid Agreement concerning the International Registration of Marks of June 28, 1989;

  Nice Agreement concerning the International Classification of Goods and Services for the Purposes of the Registration of Marks adopted on June 15, 1957;

  Trademark Law Treaty of October 27, 1994;

  Nairoby Treaty on the Protection of the Olympic Symbol of September 26, 1981.

  Copyright

  The legal basis of the regulation of the appropriate relations in the system of the national legislation forms the Law of Ukraine “On Copyright and Related Rights” first adopted on 23.12.1993 and substantially amended under necessity of correlation of the Ukrainian legislation to the international standards on July 11, 2001 and amendments introduced in 2003, 2004.

  Main Laws, Regulations and Interpretations:

  The Law of Ukraine “On Copyright and Related Rights”;

  The Law of Ukraine “On Distribution of Copies of Audiovisual Works, Phonograms, Videograms, Computer Programs, Data Bases”;

  The Law of Ukraine “On the Specifics of State Regulation of the Activities of Economic Subjects related to the Production, Export and Import of Discs for Laser-Readable Systems”;

  The Law of Ukraine “On the Protection against Unfair Competition”.

  Main International Treaties:

  Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and

  Artistic Works (Paris Act of July 24, 1971, amended of

  October 2, 1979);

  Rome Convention for the Protection of the Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organization (1961);

  Worldwide Convention on Copyright of December 20, 1996;

  WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (1996).

  The relations as to the obtaining and execution of the rights for the trademark are regulated by the Law of Ukraine “On the Protection of Rights to Marks for Goods and Services” of December 15, 1993 No. 3689-XII (With last amendments introduced according to the following Law No. 850-IV of 22 May 2003; GSR, 2003, No. 35, Art. 271).

  Main Laws, Regulations and Interpretations:

  Law of Ukraine “On the Protection of Rights to Marks for Goods and Services”;

  The Rules of Composing, Filing and Consideration of the Application for the Issuance of the Certificate for the

  Mark for Goods and Service;

  The Regulation of the State Register of Ukraine on Marks for Goods and Services;

  The Rules for the Consideration of the Issues about the Entering of the designation “Ukraine” to the Marks for Goods and Services;

  Main International Treaties:

  Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial

  Property of March 20, 1883;

  Madrid Agreement concerning the International

  Registration of Marks of April 14, 1891;

  Protocol relating to the Madrid Agreement concerning the International Registration of Marks of June 28, 1989;

  Nice Agreement concerning the International Classification of Goods and Services for the Purposes of the Registration of Marks adopted on June 15, 1957;

  Trademark Law Treaty of October 27, 1994;

  Nairoby Treaty on the Protection of the Olympic Symbol of September 26, 1981.

  Copyright

  The legal basis of the regulation of the appropriate relations in the system of the national legislation forms the Law of Ukraine “On Copyright and Related Rights” first adopted on 23.12.1993 and substantially amended under necessity of correlation of the Ukrainian legislation to the international standards on July 11, 2001 and amendments introduced in 2003, 2004.

  Main Laws, Regulations and Interpretations:

  The Law of Ukraine “On Copyright and Related Rights”;

  The Law of Ukraine “On Distribution of Copies of Audiovisual Works, Phonograms, Videograms, Computer Programs, Data Bases”;

  The Law of Ukraine “On the Specifics of State Regulation of the Activities of Economic Subjects related to the Production, Export and Import of Discs for Laser-Readable Systems”;

  The Law of Ukraine “On the Protection against Unfair Competition”.

  Main International Treaties:

  Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and

  Artistic Works (Paris Act of July 24, 1971, amended of October 2, 1979);

  Rome Convention for the Protection of the Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organization (1961);

  Worldwide Convention on Copyright of December 20, 1996;

  WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (1996).

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据悉,正在修订中的《专利法》四修,拟将恶意侵权专利赔偿额度从原有的最高三倍上限调整到最高五倍,五倍赔偿已经是目前世界上最高的赔偿额度,对此,你有什么看法?

没有考虑过
合理,打击侵权,确有必要
不合理,赔偿过高,国际上并无先例