冰岛知识产权发展概况

总第67期 China IP Magazine发表,[综合]文章

知识产权概况

  2011年经济危机持续影响冰岛知识产权市场。在2009和2010年,冰岛商标申请量持续下降,但在2011年略有回升。冰岛国家专利申请量持续下降,但是欧洲有效专利申请量有所上升。国际工业设计申请量上升,但是国家工业设计申请量较2010年的记录来讲还在减少。2011年,冰岛知识产权总申请量接近于2007年(即冰岛金融崩溃前一年)的水平。

专利

  冰岛绝大多数专利申请都是通过欧洲专利局提交的,以便使欧洲专利进入冰岛国家阶段。在2011年,在冰岛生效的欧洲专利共计778件,与2010年相比上升36%。国家专利申请持续下降,这一情况从2004年冰岛加入《欧洲专利公约》就开始显现。在2011年,冰岛的国家专利申请仅为71件,较2010年又有所减少。其中大多数专利申请(50件)都是由冰岛本地人提交的。2011年冰岛审批的国家专利为65件,也比2010年少。到2011年底,冰岛的有效专利量约为2,632件。

商标

  2011年,冰岛的商标申请量为3,742件,比2010年上涨了8.8%。这是自2008年以来商标申请量首次上涨。其中,国家商标和国际申报申请量都有所上升。国家商标申请量为1,306件,通过国际知识产权组织进入冰岛的国际商标申请数量为2,436件。外国申请人在冰岛的国家商标申请量从2010年的634增加到2011年的689件。由国际知识产权组织进入冰岛的商标申请量虽然在2009和2010年都有所下降,但在2011年增长了7%。2011年冰岛商标总申请量从2010年的3,205件增加到3,665件。

工业设计

  2011年,冰岛工业设计申请量持续增加,冰岛专利局共收到工业设计申请133件。2011年,外国在冰岛提交的工业设计申请量有所增长,但是冰岛居民申请量略有下滑。冰岛在2004年加入了《工业品外观设计国际注册海牙协定日内瓦法案》。

冰岛的国际会议

  2011年8月18日,超过160名代表参加了在雷克雅未克举办的名为“知识产权的重要性”的会议。该会议旨在纪念冰岛专利局成立20周年。会上发言人包括世界知识产权组织总干事Francis Gurry先生,以及来自冰岛和外国的嘉宾。

 

IP developments in the year 2011 in Iceland

Overview

  The financial crisis continued to affect the Icelandic IP market in 2011. The number of applications for trademark registration went up slightly, after going down in 2009 and 2010. Applications for national continued to decrease, while the number of applications for the validation of European increased.  International design applications increased, but national registration declined from a record number in 2010.  The total number of IP applications in 2011 was close to the number of applications in 2007, the year before the Icelandic banking collapse.

Patents

  The majority of patent applications in Iceland come through the European Patent Office (EPO) as national validations of European patents. In 2011, 778 European patents were validated in Iceland, which was a 36% increase compared to 2010. The number of national patent applications continued to decline, as they have done since Iceland acceded to the European Patent Convention in 2004. In 2011, national patent applications were only 71, which was a decrease from the year before. The majority of the applications, or 50, were from Icelandic applicants. National patents granted in 2011 were 65, which was less than in 2010. Valid patents in Iceland at the end of 2011 were around 2632.

Trademarks

  Applications for trademark registration were 3742 in 2011, which was an 8.8% increase from 2010. This is the first year there has been an increase in trademark applications since 2008. There was an increase in both national and international applications. In all, 1306 were national registration , and 2436 were international applications that came through the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO).  National applications from foreign applicants went up from 528 to 617, while applications from Icelandic applicants increased from 634 in 2010 to 689 in 2011. International trademark applications through WIPO increased in 2011 by nearly 7%, after a decline in 2009 and 2010. The total number of trademark registrations in 2011 was 3665, up from 3205 in 2010.

Designs

  Applications for the registration of designs increased in 2011, as in previous years. In all, 133 applications were submitted to the Icelandic Patent Office. This year, there was in increase applications from foreign applicants, while there was a slight decrease in application from Icelandic applicants. Iceland has been a member of the Geneva Act of the Hague Agreement for the International Registration of Industrial Designs since 2004.

International conference in Iceland 

  Over 160 delegates participated in the conference The Importance of Intellectual Property Rights which took place in Reykjavík on August 18, 2011. The conference was held to celebrate the 20th anniversary of the Icelandic Patent Office. Speakers came from various sources, both Icelandic and foreign, and among them was Mr. Francis Gurry, Director General of the World Intellectual Property Organization, WIPO.



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据悉,正在修订中的《专利法》四修,拟将恶意侵权专利赔偿额度从原有的最高三倍上限调整到最高五倍,五倍赔偿已经是目前世界上最高的赔偿额度,对此,你有什么看法?

没有考虑过
合理,打击侵权,确有必要
不合理,赔偿过高,国际上并无先例